PRESS NOTE ON

 

Operational Characteristics of Unorganised Manufacturing Enterprises in India

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NATIONAL SAMPLE SURVEY ORGANISATION

 

MINISTRY OF STATISTICS AND PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATION

 

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

 

Dated the 7 Pausa, 1929 Saka

28th December 2007

 

PRESS NOTE

 

 Operational Characteristics of Unorganised Manufacturing Enterprises in India

 

“Operational Characteristics of Unorganised Manufacturing Enterprises in India”- Report No.524 based on the data of the survey of unorganised manufacturing enterprises  carried out by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India, as part of the 62nd  round of the NSS, has been released. The fieldwork of the survey was carried out during July 2005-June 2006. This report, first in the series of three reports based on the data on unorganised manufacturing enterprises, provides information on estimated number of enterprises and number of workers, the operational characteristics of the enterprises like location of enterprise, maintenance of accounts, number of working hours, nature of operation, status of registration etc. at all India level for different industry groups and at the States / UT level for all the industry groups taken together. The term ‘unorganised manufacturing enterprises’ referred to all manufacturing enterprises, which were not covered by Annual Survey of Industries (ASI). All government and public sector undertakings were outside the coverage.

 

All States/Union Territories were covered by the survey except some interior areas of Nagaland, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, and Leh and Kargil districts of Jammu & Kashmir.  A dual frame approach was followed in the survey with a view to improving the reliability of the overall estimates by separating out apparently large units into one frame (list frame) and covering the remaining units within the coverage through the area frame. A sample of 82897 enterprises were actually surveyed out of which 2,260 enterprises belonged to the list frame and the remaining were spread over 9,923 sample villages/urban blocks in the area frame.

 

Some of the  important findings of this survey are given below:

 

·               During 2005-06, the number of unorganised manufacturing enterprises was estimated as17.07 million  in India. It is seen that during 2005-06, West Bengal had the highest share (16%) of unorganised manufacturing enterprises. The two states, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh together had 30 percent share of all unorganised manufacturing enterprises in the country.

           

·              Of  the total estimated enterprises, 71% were in rural India and 29% in urban India.

 

·              Own Account Manufacturing Enterprises (OAME) constituted 86% of all enterprises and the remaining 14% were establishments. (The respective share of NDMEs and DMEs were 10% and 4% of total enterprises)

 

·              About 36.44 million persons were estimated to be working in unorganised manufacturing enterprises during 2005-06. West Bengal had the highest share (15%) of workers in unorganised manufacturing enterprises of the country closely followed by Uttar Pradesh (14%). About 55% of all workers were concentrated in five states viz. West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and  Maharashtra.

 

·              The estimated number of workers per enterprise was about 2.13.

 

·              Nearly 94% of all enterprises were perennial enterprises.

 

·              About 98% of all enterprises were proprietary enterprises.

 

·              About 3% of all enterprises had no fixed location of operation.

 

·              About 90% of all enterprises were not registered with any agency.

 

·              About 92% of all enterprises did not receive any assistance from any government or non-government agency.

 

·              About 32% of all enterprises had undertaken at least some work on contract basis and also 28% of all enterprises had undertaken other economic activity.

 

·              Majority (77%) of enterprises having other economic activities as the major source of income derived income from agriculture, hunting, forestry, mining, quarrying etc.

 

 

The estimated number of unorganised manufacturing enterprises for each State/UT and all- India with rural and urban break-up during 2005-06 is given as Annex-I. The estimated number of workers in descending order in States / UTs is given as Annex-II.

 

This Report is also available on the web site (www.mospi.gov.in) of the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

 

 

 

 

 

  

 

                                                                                                                                                     Annex-I

 

Estimated number of unorganised manufacturing enterprises during 2005-06

State/UT

Estimated number of enterprises

rural

urban

all

Andhra Pradesh

1085242

447997

1533239

Arunachal Pradesh

541

318

859

Assam

333006

37774

370781

Bihar

663379

109018

772397

Chhatisgarh

172610

34871

207481

Delhi

3639

93997

97636

Goa

4546

5762

10308

Gujarat

300753

353605

654358

Haryana

119687

110423

230110

Himachal Pradesh

100437

7005

107442

Jammu & Kashmir

140468

32944

173412

Jharkhand

540250

45698

585948

Karnataka

663211

298549

961761

Kerala

492777

165914

658692

Madhya Pradesh

564463

290097

854559

Maharashtra

556168

570294

1126462

Manipur

35797

16721

52518

Meghalaya

34513

2474

36987

Mizoram

3291

1810

5101

Nagaland

7167

2739

9906

Orissa

870877

86352

957229

Punjab

150208

143029

293237

Rajasthan

400875

235595

636470

Sikkim

3684

420

4103

Tamilnadu

850353

631580

1481933

Tripura

38900

6470

45370

Uttaranchal

53940

15146

69087

Uttar Pradesh

1704516

654859

2359375

West Bengal

2223768

529025

2752793

A & N Islands

1872

444

2316

Chandigarh

753

621

1373

D & N Haveli

797

172

969

Daman & Diu

1464

1175

2639

Lakshadweep

255

142

397

Pondicherry

4058

9513

13572

all-India

12128266

4942554

17070820

 

 

                                                                                                                                        Annex-II

Estimated number of workers in descending order in different States/UT

State / UT

estimated number of workers

% share

OAME*

Establishment$

All

(in descending order)

West Bengal

3980082

1513751

5493833

15.08

Uttar Pradesh

3744877

1543024

5287901

14.51

Tamil Nadu

1760313

1609206

3369519

9.25

Andhra Pradesh

2003229

935716

2938945

8.06

Maharashtra

1235091

1666326

2901417

7.96

Orissa

1836331

187210

2023541

5.55

Karnataka

1107479

866890

1974369

5.42

Gujarat

845248

1006884

1852132

5.08

Madhya Pradesh

1437477

303169

1740646

4.78

Bihar

1311718

141355

1453073

3.99

Kerala

673565

717441

1391006

3.82

Rajasthan

797748

497587

1295335

3.55

Jharkhand

840208

109137

949345

2.61

Assam

472123

160358

632481

1.74

Punjab

313818

286992

600810

1.65

Haryana

234038

309986

544024

1.49

Chhattisgarh

376669

81697

458366

1.26

Delhi

26478

430730

457208

1.25

Jammu & Kashmir

260614

58255

318869

0.87

Himachal Pradesh

125522

39911

165433

0.45

Uttaranchal

80353

67485

147838

0.41

Tripura

55272

89588

144860

0.40

Meghalaya

49894

40543

90437

0.25

Manipur

67836

13534

81370

0.22

Pondicherry

10009

34700

44709

0.12

Goa

8903

19584

28487

0.08

Nagaland

12925

3382

16307

0.04

Mizoram

6037

3410

9447

0.03

Daman & Diu

2239

6311

8550

0.02

Sikkim

5218

2408

7626

0.02

A & N Islands

2466

3571

6037

0.02

Arunachal Pradesh

1081

2220

3301

0.01

Chandigarh

1217

1382

2599

0.01

D & N Haveli

724

1540

2264

0.01

Lakshadweep

491

221

712

0.00

all-India

23687294

12755505

36442799

100.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* = A manufacturing enterprise, which is run without any hired worker employed on a fairly regular basis, is termed as own account manufacturing enterprise (OAME).

$ = A manufacturing enterprise, which is employing at least one hired worker on a fairly regular basis, is termed as establishment.