NATIONAL SAMPLE SURVEY
MINISTRY OF STATISTICS AND PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATION
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Dated the 15 Asvina,
07 October 2005
OF FARMER HOUSEHOLDS
The National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) in the
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India, had
carried out a survey known as ‘Situation Assessment Survey of Farmers’ during
January to December, 2003, as part of its 59th round. The survey was
sponsored by the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. Such a survey has been conducted for the first time
in the history of NSSO. The survey was confined to the rural areas of the
country and the results relate to the calendar year 2003.
Report Number 495
titled ‘Consumption Expenditure of Farmer Households’ being released is the
fourth in the series of five reports based on the Survey mentioned above. In
all 51,770 sample farmer households spread over 6,638 villages covering the
entire rural area of the whole of the Indian Union except Leh (Ladakh) and
Kargil districts of Jammu & Kashmir, interior villages of Nagaland situated
beyond five kilometres of any bus route, and villages in Andaman and Nicobar
Islands which remained inaccessible throughout the year, were interviewed.
A farmer household was
defined as one which had at least one farmer as a member. A person who
possessed some land and was engaged in agricultural activities on any part of
that land during the last 365 days was
considered as a farmer for the purpose of Survey. Agricultural activity was
taken to include cultivation of agricultural crops and horticultural crops,
growing of trees and plantations such as rubber, cashew, coconut, pepper,
coffee, tea, etc; animal husbandry, poultry, fishery, bee-keeping,
vermiculture, sericulture, etc. A farmer who had been engaged in activities
related to production of crops by tillage and ancillary jobs was categorised
as a cultivator.
The report presents
different facets of the variation in the level and pattern of consumer
expenditure and related aspects of the standard of living of the farmer
households. It covers certain demographic characteristics of farmer households
such as average household size, and sex ratio for adults, children and all
persons over different monthly per capita consumer expenditure (MPCE) classes.
It also shows the distribution of MPCE of the farmer households across the
States and at all- India level by different items of food and non-food groups
and their comparison with those for the all rural households (as brought out by
the consumer expenditure survey of the same round).
Expenditure of Farmer Households
- The average MPCE for farmer households at all India
level during the year 2003 was Rs. 502.83 (lower by 9.3%) compared to Rs.
554.15 for all rural households.
- The corresponding break-ups for food and non-food
groups were Rs.278.74 and Rs. 224.09 for farmer households (lower by 6.6%
and 12.3% respectively) in comparison with Rs. 298.57 and Rs. 255.59 for
all rural households.
- At all India level, the sex ratio in farmer
population was 942 compared to 957 in all rural population. The figures
corresponding to children and adults were 925 and 952 compared to 915 and
982 in all rural population.
- At all India level, about 4% of farmer households had
MPCE less than Rs. 225, 8% had MPCE less than Rs. 300 and 15% had MPCE
less than Rs. 380. On the other hand, 7.5% of the farmer households had
MPCE more than Rs. 950 and 26% had MPCE more than Rs. 615.
- The average household size for farmers was 5.5 at all
India level. It was highest (6.9) for households having MPCE less than or
equal to Rs. 225 and lowest (4.1) for households having MPCE more than Rs.
950. Also, average household size declined steadily with a rise in MPCE
over successive class-intervals of MPCE.
- At state level, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh registered
highest average household size (6.1) for farmers, followed by Haryana
(6.0) and Rajasthan (5.9). Whereas Tamil Nadu registered lowest average
household size (4.4), followed by Kerala and Andhra Pradesh (4.7 each).
- The average MPCE during 2003 was highest for the
farmers of Kerala (Rs. 900.59) followed by Nagaland (Rs. 882.93) and
Punjab (Rs. 828.01).
- The average MPCE during 2003 for farmer households
was lowest for Orissa (Rs. 341.75), followed by Jharkhand (Rs. 352.85), Chhattishgarh (Rs. 378.89) and
Bihar (Rs. 403.60).
- The sex ratio in farmer population was highest in
Himachal Pradesh (1089), followed by Kerala (1048) and Uttaranchal (1014).
It was lowest in Assam (849), followed by Punjab (859) and Tripura (870).
- In terms of value of per-capita consumption of
cereals, Manipur registered the highest i.e. Rs. 193.31 (33% of MPCE);
followed Arunachal Pradesh: Rs. 167.84 (29%); Nagaland: Rs. 166.76 (19%) and Mizoram
:Rs. 150.77 ( 23%).
- The consumption of cereals was lowest in Punjab : Rs.
73.46 (9% of MPCE); followed by Haryana : Rs. 74.01 (10%) and Gujarat :
Rs. 80.16 (14%).
- The percentage share of all food taken together to
total consumption expenditure was highest for the farmer households of
Assam (65%); followed by Jharkhand
(64%), Bihar (62%), West Bengal (61%) and Sikkim (60%).
- An estimated 22% of the farmer households in Orissa,
11% in Jharkhand 8% in both Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh and 6% in
Bihar had MPCE less than or equal to Rs. 225.
- About 57% farmer households in Orissa, 50% in
Jharkhand, 44% in Chhattisgarh, 37% in Madhya Pradesh and 34% in
Bihar had MPCE less than or equal
to Rs. 340.
- On the other hand, 94% farmer households in Nagaland,
68% in Punjab, 67% in Kerala, 63% in Jammu & Kashmir and 59% in
Haryana had MPCE more than Rs. 615.
- About 36% of the farmer households in Nagaland, 35%
in Kerala, 28% in Punjab and 23% in Haryana had MPCE more than Rs. 950.
- Per capita consumption of ‘pan, tobacco &
intoxicants’ per 30 days was highest in Meghalaya (Rs. 43.30), followed by
Mizoram (Rs. 40.53), Aurnachal Pradesh (Rs. 30.75) and Tripura (Rs.
- Per capita monthly
expenditure on education was highest in Nagaland (Rs. 77.21); followed by
Haryana (Rs. 48.01), Punjab (Rs. 42.87) and Kerala (Rs. 42.36).
- Per capita monthly
medical expenses was highest for the farmer households belonging to Kerala
(Rs. 97.78), followed by Punjab (Rs. 63.04), Tamil Nadu (Rs. 48.76),
Maharashtra (Rs. 47.71) and
Haryana (Rs. 46.98).