INCOME, EXPENDITURE AND PRODUCTIVE ASSETS OF FARMER HOUSEHOLDS
NATIONAL SAMPLE SURVEY ORGANISATION
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Dated the 2 Pausa, 1927 Saka
23 December 2005
INCOME, EXPENDITURE AND PRODUCTIVE ASSETS OF
The National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India, had carried out a ‘Situation Assessment Survey of Farmers’ during January to December, 2003, as part of the 59th round of the National Sample Survey (NSS). The survey was sponsored by the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. This type of survey has been conducted for the first time in the history of NSSO. The survey was conducted in the rural areas of the country and the results relate to the calendar year 2003.
The present report, namely, ‘Report No. 497: Income, Expenditure and Productive Assets of Farmer Households, 2003’ is the fifth and the final report in the series of five reports based on the findings of this survey. In all 51,770 sample farmer households spread over 6,638 villages covering the entire rural area of the whole of the Indian Union except Leh (Ladakh) and Kargil districts of Jammu & Kashmir, interior villages of Nagaland situated beyond five kilometres of any bus route, and villages in Andaman and Nicobar Islands which remained inaccessible throughout the year, were interviewed.
A farmer household was defined as one which had at least one farmer as a member. A farmer was taken to be a person who possessed some land and was engaged in agricultural activities on any part of that land during the last 365 days preceding the date of survey. Agricultural activity was taken to include cultivation of field and horticultural crops, growing of trees and plantations such as rubber, cashew, coconut, pepper, coffee, tea, etc; animal husbandry, poultry, fishery, bee-keeping, vermiculture, sericulture, etc.
The present report deals with different dimensions in the level of income, expenditure and investment in productive assets by the farmer households for farm and non-farm business. It gives, firstly, average number of productive assets of different kinds possessed per farmer household for farm and non-farm business, separately in different size classes of land possessed, as well as, in different classes of monthly per capita consumer expenditure. It further presents average monthly expenditure incurred by farmer households on productive assets for farm and non-farm business and also average monthly expenses on farming of animals per farmer household. It also shows the average income from different sources, as well as, consumption expenditure and net investment in productive assets per farmer household. The detailed tables include those for eighteen major States besides all-India. Some major findings based on the survey are presented below: