LIVESTOCK OWNERSHIP ACROSS OPERATIONAL LAND HOLDING CLASSES
IN INDIA, 2002-03
NATIONAL SAMPLE SURVEY ORGANISATION
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
PRESS INFORMATION BUREAU
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
Dated the 11 Magha, 1927 Saka
31 January 2006
LIVESTOCK OWNERSHIP ACROSS OPERATIONAL LAND HOLDING CLASSES IN INDIA, 2002-03
NSS Report No.493 titled “Livestock Ownership Across Operational Land Holding Classes in India, 2002-03” – the first in a series of four reports – based on the sixth nationwide Land and Livestock Holdings Survey, carried out during 2003 in the 59th round of the National Sample Survey (NSS) by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India, has been released. It presents estimates of various aspects of livestock and poultry owned by households in different size categories of household operational holdings. Information on ownership of land and on operation of land based on the same survey will be released separately in three forthcoming reports. They will deal with particulars of land owned, land leased out, leased in, types and terms of lease, size of operational holdings, composition, tenurial form, land use, extent of irrigation, fragmentation of holdings, area under various crops, and other related aspects.
Like all other regular NSS enquiries, the present survey covered practically the whole of the Indian Union. All States and Union Territories were covered under the survey. The survey was spread over 6553 villages and 3757 urban blocks covering 52,265 households in the rural sector and 29,893 households in the urban sector. The reference period for the survey was the agricultural year 2002-03.
The report gives the survey estimates separately for different size classes of household operational holdings for rural areas of 27 States, and in a summary form for the urban areas of all States as also for the rural areas of Delhi, Goa and the Union Territories. Some of the important findings are given below.
· An estimated 69% of rural households and 11% of urban households operated some land during the kharif season of 2002-03.
· A high percentage of rural households i.e. about 79% possessed land of size 1 hectare or less in 2002-03 (kharif season). About 32% possessed less than 0.002 hectares of land.
· The cattle population in rural India declined from 169 million in 1991-92 to 154 million in 2002-03.
· The buffalo population in rural India continued to grow from 69 million in 1991-92 to 76 million in 2002-03.
· The stock of working cattle in rural areas declined by 25% between 1991-92 and 2002-03, reflecting the falling dependence on bullock power in cultivation and allied activities.
· The stock of in-milk cattle in rural India showed a slight fall of about 2 million in 2002-03 from its 1991-92 level of 30 million.
· Bovine stock (cattle and buffaloes) is concentrated in the North Indian States of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan with more than 60 in-milk bovines per 100 households. The average in-milk bovine stock per 100 households fell from 46 in 1991-92 to 36 in 2002-03. The decline is observed in all the major States.
· The share of households in the marginal land holding category in total stock of in-milk bovines, which was only 20% in 1971-72, continued to rise from 44% in 1991-92 to 52% in 2002-03.
· The average stock of sheep and goats in rural India declined from 85 per 100 rural households in 1991-92 to 64 per 100 households in 2002-03. The fall was spread over practically all the major States. The average stock of sheep and goats in Rajasthan, which has always been at the top among major States in this respect, suffered a decline – from 391 per 100 households in 1991-92 to 299 in 2002-03.
· Interestingly, the average stock of sheep and goats per rural household was lowest in those major States where the standard of living in rural areas as measured by per capita consumer expenditure is highest, i.e, Kerala, Punjab and Haryana.
· The stock of poultry in rural India declined from 193 million in 1991-92 to 182 million in 2002-03. Among the major States, Assam had the highest average stock of poultry i.e. 720 per 100 households.
· The share of households in the marginal land holding category in total poultry stock continued to grow from 55% in 1991-92 to 63% in 2002-03.